the Japanese KoSoADo: This, That, and That Over There
In a society of Japanese language study, there is this popular term known as KOSOADO. Used widely by most Japanese language teachers in a classroom setting.
This is in short for: Kore, Sore, Are, and Dore
It is one of the most basic parts in studying Japanese language. Below will be a short discussion or summary about KOSOADO.
But before we proceed, let’s first start off with a short review on our vocabulary.
|Watashi no pen||my pen|
|Anata no pen||your pen|
Is used to refer to a thin/object that is close to you.
In English this is equivalent to THIS.
Example: (refer to picture above) Observe that the person A is the one holding the pen. So Person A used KORE in referring about the pen.
Japanese: KORE wa watashi no pen desu.
English: THIS is my pen.
Is used to refer to a thing/object that is close to the person you are talking to.
In English this is equivalent to THAT.
Example: (refer to picture above) Observe that Person B is not holding the pen but is referring to it and pointing at it because he is a bit far from the object. So person B used SORE.
Japanese: SORE wa watashi no pen desu.
English: THAT is my pen.
Is use to refer to a subject or thing that is far from you and the person you’re talking with.
In English this is equivalent to “that one over there”.
Example: (refer to picture above) Observe that person C & D are both far from the object/subject. So ARE is used in their situation.
Japanese: ARE wa watashi no pen desu.
English: THAT ONE OVER THERE is my pen.
There is also an expression Dore which is equivalent to WHICH in English.
Let’s see how doreis used in sentences:
Japanese: Dore desu ka
English: Which one is it?
Japanese: Dore ga anata no pen desu ka
English: Which one is your pen?