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2012/02/13 / Gem R. Zhang

Japanese Greetings & Expressions・日本語あいさつ


NOTE *casual use

DAILY

1)     Hello / Hi

  1. Konnichiwa

2)     Good morning

  1. Ohayou Gozaimasu
  2. Ohayou*

3)     Good evening

  1. Kombanwa

4)     Good night

  1. Oyasumi nasai
  2. Oyasumi*

Common Expressions

1)     How are you?

  1. Ogenki desu ka
  2. Genki?*

How are you? (To someone who just got well from sickness. Formal case.)

  1. Okawari arimasen ka

( response) I’m fine thank you.

  1. Hai, okage sama de
  2. Hai, genki desu
  3. Genki yo

( response) I’m not fine.

  1. Genki ja arimasen
  2. Genki ja nai

( response)I’m sick.

  1. Byouki desu

( response) I feel sorry for you / That’s too bad.

  1. Sore wa ikemasen ne
  2. Sore wa ikenai..

( response) Get well soon.

  1. Odaiji ni (literally means “Take care” but for the sick only)
  2. Genki ni natte kudasai
  3. Genki ni natte ne*

2)     Good bye

  1. Sayonara (very formal/polite way of saying Goodbye)
  2. Koko de shitsurei shimasu
  3. Shitsurei shimasu
  4. Ja ne*
  5. Ja!*

3)     Thank you

  1. Doumo Arigatou gozaimasu
  2. Hontou ni arigatou gozaimasu
  3. Doumo arigatou*
  4. Arigatou / Doumo*

other ways of expressing “thanks”:

Thanks for the ______ (gift / wonderful lunch).

  1. (Purezento/subarashii hirugohan) ____ wo arigatou.

Thank you for taking care of me.

  1. Osewa ni natte doumo arigatou

Thank you for your kindness.

  1. Goshinsetsu ni arigatou

Thank you for helping / coming / finding

  1. (Tasukete / Kite / Mitsukite) kurete arigatou

4)     Your welcome

  1. Dou itashimashite
  2. Kochira koso
  3. Iie, ii desu yo / Iie…

( response) No problem.

  1. Mondai nai

5)     YES

  1. Hai
  2. Ee*
  3. Un*

6)     NO

  1. Iie
  2. Uun*

7)     See you soon

  1. Ja, mata atode ne
  2. Dewa mata
  3. Ja mata*
  4. Mata ne*

See you tomorrow

  1. Ja mata ashita ne

8)     Please come again

  1. Mata kite kudasai

9)     Regards to Mr. / Mrs. / Miss______.

  1. ________-san ni yoroshiku.

10)  Sorry

  1. Doumo sumimasen
  2. Sumimasen shitsurei shimasu
  3. Sumimasen
  4. Suimasen*

(Commonly used by women & children or in casual cases)

  1. Hontou ni gomen nasai
  2. Gomen nasai
  3. Gomen*

(Used in a Business setting)

  1. Moushiwake gozaimasen

11)  It’s okay

  1. Daijoubu desu
  2. Daijoubu yo*
  3. Ii yo*

Don’t worry about it.

  1. Shimpai shinaide kudasai
  2. Shimpai shinaide

12)  Please wait

  1. Chotto matte kudasai
  2. Matte*

(usually to children)

  1. Matete*

Sorry to keep you waiting.

  1. Osoku natta. Gomen nasai*
  2. Omatase itashimashita (In restaurants, in business; sorry for the delay)

13)  Welcome

  1. Irasshaimase (at a store)
  2. Youkoso (general case)

14)  What do you want? How can I help?

(in a restaurant)

  1. Nan ni shimashou ka

15)  Leaving one’s house and coming back.

1. Upon leaving:

I’ll go.”

  • Ittekimasu

Response:

  • Itterasshai

2. Upon arriving:

I’m home.”

  • Tadaima

Response:

  • Okaeri nasai / Okaeri*

3. For someone’s visiting one’s home

May I come in? Anybody home?

  • Gomen kudasai

Please do come in

  • Ohairi kudasai

Please have a sit

  • Suwatte kudasai

4. Upon entering / Accepting an invitation to someone’s house

Would you like some coffee or something?

  • Kōhii demo ikaga desu ka

Anything is just fine with me.

  • Nan de mo ii desu

5. Upon leaving

  • Ojama wo shitsurei shimashita

16)  At the table

  1. Please do eat
    1.   Douzo omeshiagatte kudasai
    2.   Douzo tabete kudasai
    3.  Tabete kudasai
  2. Let’s eat.  (Before eating)
    1.   Itadakimasu
  3. Thank you for the meal. (After eating)
    1.  Gochisousama deshita
  4. I’m hungry.
    1.  Onaka ga sukimashita
    2.  Onaka ga suita
    3.  Hara heta
  5. I’m thirsty.
    1.  Nodo ga kawakimashita
    2.  Nodo ga kawaita
  6. I’m full.
    1.  Onaka ga ippai
  7. It looks delicious.
    1. Oishisou..
  8. It’s ______.
    •  Delicious – Oishii desu. / Umai!
    •  Salty – Shiokarai
    •  Spicy – Karai
    •  Bitter – Nigai
    •  Sour – Suppai
    •  Sweet – Amai

I eat anything.

  •  Nan demo tabemasu / Nan demo ii desu.

I don’t eat.

  • Tabemasen

I drink anything.

  •  Nan demo nomimasu

I don’t drink.

  •  Nomimasen

Cheers!

  • Kampai!

Common Classroom Expressions

17)  Do you understand?

  1. Wakarimasu ka
  2. Wakaru?*

Did you understand?

  1. Wakarimashita ka
  2. Wakatta?*

(response)Yes, I understand.

  1. Hai, wakarimasu

(response)Yes, I understood.

  1. Hai, wakarimashita

(response)No, I don’t understand

  1. Iie, wakarimasen.

Do you know?

  1. Shitte imasu ka

I don’t know.

  1. Iie, shirimasen

I don’t know. (a response to strangers)

  1. Iie, wakarimasen.

18)  Are there any problems?

  1. Mondai  ga arimasu ka

(response)Yes, there is.

  1. Hai, mondai ga arimasu

(response)No, there aren’t.

  1. Iie, mondai ga arimasen

Do you have a question?

  1. Shitsumon ga arimasu ka

(response)I have a question.

  1. Shitsumon ga arimasu

(response)I don’t have a question

  1. Shitsumon ga arimasen

19)  What does _____ mean?

What do you mean by ______ ?

What is _____ ?

  1. _____ wa nan to iu imi desu ka
  2. _____ wa douiu imi desu ka
  3. _____ wa nan desu ka

_____ means _______.

_____ is ______.

  1. _____ wa ______ to iu imi desu.
  2. _____ wa ______ desu

What is _____ in Japanese?

What is _____ in English?

  1.  ______ wa  nihongo de nan desu ka
  2. ______ wa eigo de nan desu ka

In Japanese __A__ is __B___.

In English __A___ is __B___.

  1. Nihongo de, ___A___ wa ___B__ desu
  2. Eigo de, ___A___  wa  ___B__desu


20)  Silence please.

  1.  Shizuka ni shite kudasai

21)  Hand in your papers. / Please submit.

  1. Dashite kudasai.

22)  Please do your best

  1. Gambatte kudasai.

23)  Thanks for your hardwork.

  1.  Otsukaresama deshita

24)  Is it okay?

  1. Ii desu ka

25)  Please say it again / I beg your pardon

  1. Mou ichido itte kudasai

Please say it slow

  1. Yukkuri hanashite kudasai

26)  The answer is…

  1. Kotae wa ____ desu

27)  Please read…

  1. Yonde kudasai

28)  Please write…

  1. Kaite kudasai

Special Occasions

  1. Victory / Hurray!
    1. Banzai!
  2. Happy Birthday
    1. Otanjoubi Omedetou Gozaimasu
  3. Congratulations!
    1. Omedetou!
  4. Happy New Year
    1. Akemashite Omedetou Gozaimasu
  5. I wish you will have a good new year
    1. Yoi otoshi wo omukae kudasai/Yoi otoshi wo!
  6. Merry Christmas
    1. Meri- Kurisumasu!
  7. Happy Valentines
    1. Hapi- Barentain

Check out more Japanese Language Study related posts HERE!

2 Comments

Leave a Comment
  1. Estrella / Apr 16 2012 3:42 PM

    ,.taasa gurl,..ahahaha,.makalimtan ang uban

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